Biodegradable and Reef Safe
“Biodegradable” and “reef safe” are just two of the many buzz words that we hear a lot about now that people are becoming more environmentally conscious. But what do these words mean and why are they important? This article will give you a better understanding about these terms and why they are so essential to a healthy environment.

Please visit our Biodegradable and Reef Safe page for more information.

Biting Insects
There are thousands of species of biting insects worldwide including mosquitoes, ticks, gnats, chiggers, no-see-ums biting flies, etc. Mosquitoes alone are represented by almost 3,500 species. Biting insects are present in almost every region of the world. They are not only a nuisance causing painful or itching bites, but also can transmit serious diseases such as Malaria, Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, West Nile virus, forms of Encephalitis and Lyme disease. Worldwide, estimates of as many as 700 million people are infected annually by mosquitoes. Malaria alone kills 3 million people. While many of these diseases are associated with tropical regions West Nile virus, Lyme Disease, Encephalitis and Dengue Fever are becoming more prevalent in certain regions of the U.S.

Protection from biting insects can be achieved by avoiding infested areas, wearing protective clothing and using insect repellent sprays. In many situations using an insect repellent spray is the only practical way to avoid insect bites. Insect biting behavior is complex and varies greatly between species and even within the same species.

Clinically Proven
Deter Insect Repellent was clinically tested safe in an independent study composed of 52 human subjects. Deter Insect Repellent is one of the only DEET-free, natural, bug repellents on the market clinically tested for safety.

Please visit our Clinically Proven page for more information.

Deter Compared to Other Insect Repellents
In choosing an insect repellent, the goal is to find a product that is both safe and effective. The problem is that each brand makes claims and it’s up to you to sort through fact versus fiction. Deter Insect Repellent is different because we believe in scientifically evaluating our products to get facts and figures that we stand behind and that you can believe in. With this data we can demonstrate objectively that Deter Insect Repellent stands out against all other repellents in both safety and effectiveness.

Learn more about how Deter compares to other insect repellents.

How To Best Protect Skin While Outdoors
Skin is exposed to potentially dangerous threats while outdoors, including UV radiation, wind, temperature extremes and biting insects.

Please visit our How To Best Protect Skin While Outdoors page for more information.

The Importance Of Protecting Skin
Skin is the largest organ in our body. It is not only essential to our appearance, but also to overall health. Skin controls water loss, helps regulate temperature, protects against invasion of microorganisms, blocks toxic chemicals and other environmental threats. Without healthy intact skin, we simply could not survive. Maintaining skin health is very important. This is especially true while outdoors where most of the major skin threats exist. Outdoor threats include UV radiation from the sun, drying effects from temperature extremes and wind, biting insects, toxins and plants causing contact dermatitis such as poison oak and poison ivy.

Skin protection should be a top priority when engaging in outdoor activities. Practicing good skin care will lead to greater comfort and enjoyment of the outdoors while promoting overall health and appearance.

Insect Bite Facts

Bites from Mosquitoes, Gnats, Biting Flies, Fleas, Chiggers, No-see-ums

Often result in redness and swelling which may appear from 1 to 24 hours following the bite. The reaction is primarily due to proteins in the insect’s saliva. The protein causes a localized reaction which results in swelling, redness, pain and/or itching. Symptoms will typically last for a few days and occasionally up to a week. The bite can be treated with a topical anti-inflammatory/anti-infective agent. Deter Bug Bite Therapy is an effective insect bite treatment that relieves the pain and itching of insect bites. The bite should not be itched as this will often make the reaction worse, and can promote infection. Some insects such as mosquitoes are effective transmitters of serious diseases such as West Nile Virus, Malaria, Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, Encephalitis, etc. If flu-like symptoms, headache, fever or rash develop within the days following a mosquito bite from an area suspected of harboring mosquito born disease seek immediate medical attention. In rare cases, more severe allergic reaction can occur. The allergic reaction is generally localized, but can be more extensive resulting in swelling of the affected extremity. In very rare cases a more serious systemic reaction called anaphylaxis can occur. Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis may include: coughing; wheezing; difficulty breathing; shock (circulatory system is not providing enough blood to vital organs); swelling of lips, tongue, eye lids or throat; lightheadedness and confusion; nausea; diarrhea; hives and reddening of the skin. If any of these symptoms develop following an insect bite or sting, immediate medical treatment should be sought.

Bites From Spiders or Fire Ants and Stings From Bees. Wasps, Hornets, Scorpions

Generally bites, or stings, from the above result in a reaction to toxins injected during the bite/sting. The toxic reaction is generally localized resulting in pain, redness and swelling. Symptoms may persist for several days. Treatment with over the counter products are usually sufficient to help relieve discomfort. The affected area should be kept clean, and you should watch for any signs of infection. If a bite from a more venomous spider such as a black widow, brown recluse or scorpion is suspected, or if swelling and pain continue to worsen, immediate medical attention should be sought. In rare cases, more serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis (described above) can result from any sting or bite. If an allergic reaction is suspected, immediate medical attention should be sought.

Outdoor Skin Threats
Please visit our Outdoor Skin Threats page for more information.
Protecting Lips Outdoors
The skin on your lips is considerably different from the skin found on the other parts of your body. These differences actually make your lip skin more vulnerable to outdoor threats and more susceptible to drying and chapping. In this article we’ll take a look at these differences and give tips for maintaining lip health.

Please visit our Protecting Lips Outdoors page for more information.

Skin Function & Structure
Skin is the largest organ in the human body. An average adult has a skin surface area of about 2.0 square meters (21.5 sq. ft.). Skin is the primary barrier between our bodies and the environment providing essential protection against infection and excessive water loss. Skin also provides other important functions including temperature regulation, insulation, touch sensation, Vitamin D synthesis, etc. Skin is comprised of 3 primary layers, Epidermis, Dermis and Hypodermis. The Epidermis is the outermost layer and is comprised of 5 sub-layers. New cells are generated in the lower layers then gradually move towards the outer layer called the Stratum Corneum (SC). As the cells move towards the surface they begin to die and become filled with keratin (a protein). The process is called keratinization and takes about 1 month to complete. The dead cells at the skin surface are constantly being sloughed off and replaced. The Dermis lies below the Epidermis and contains nerve endings, blood vessels, hair follicles, sweat glands and sebaceous glands. The Hypodermis, while not technically part of the skin, is the critical interface that attaches the skin to the underlying muscle and bone. It also supplies the blood vessels and nerves to the skin. Skin is a very important organ providing several critical functions. Proper care and nourishment are critical to appearance and overall good health.
Sun Protection
Please visit our Sun Protection page for more information.
Tips For Avoiding Insect Bites

Mosquitoes, Gnats and Other Flying Insects

  • Avoid infested areas.
  • Stay indoors at sunrise, sunset and early in the evening when mosquitoes and gnats are most active.
  • Keep mosquitoes and gnats away from exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants and socks made of heavy enough fabric to prevent biting through material.
  • Tuck shirts into pants and pants into socks to cover gaps in your clothing.
  • Wear light colored clothes.
  • Cover all gaps in walls, doors and windows to prevent mosquitoes and gnats from entering buildings.
  • Make sure window and door screens are in good working order.
  • Completely cover baby carriers and beds with fine mesh insect netting.
  • Apply insect repellent to all exposed skin at least every four hours while outdoors.

Ticks

  • Reduce time spent in tick infested areas, and avoid contact with vegetation.
  • Walk in the center of trails to avoid contact with adjacent vegetation.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants and high boots.
  • Tuck shirts into pants and pants into socks to cover gaps in your clothing where ticks can enter.
  • Wear light colored clothing.
  • Apply insect repellent to all exposed skin at least every four hours while outdoors.
  • Once indoors, check your entire body for ticks; promptly remove attached ticks with tweezers without squeezing them.
What is DEET?
Please visit our What is DEET? page for more information.